2 edition of Investigating personality and attachment variables in relation to panic disorder and agoraphobia. found in the catalog.
Investigating personality and attachment variables in relation to panic disorder and agoraphobia.
T. John Iddiols
Written in English
The results of this study are discussed both from attachment and object-relations perspectives, including the possibility that panic/agoraphobia represents a sequel to disorganized attachment.Although some researchers (e.g. Bowlby, 1973, 1980) have theorized that panic disorder/agoraphobia arises out of characterological and/or developmental-related problems, a review of the literature reveals a lack of cogent evidence.The basic pattern for the management and analysis of the interview data was adapted from the constant comparison method introduced in Glaser and Strauss"s (1967) publication, The Discovery of Grounded Theory. For the quantitative analysis, scores obtained from the DDT were converted into categorical data and subjected to two specific analyses using a multivariate statistical technique called dual scaling (Nishisato, 1994).This mixed method study combines an in-depth qualitative interview with a visual-motor projective personality test, the Differential Diagnostic Technique, which yields scores of both ego strength, or overall mental health, and personality structure. Seventeen (12 female and 5 male) adults, meeting DSM IV criteria for panic disorder with agoraphobia, representing the main study group, were interviewed and completed the DDT. Ten (8 female and 2 male) adults, meeting DSM IV criteria for panic disorder without agoraphobia, representing the comparison group, completed the test only.The present exploratory study examines the possible role of personality and attachment variables in relation to the disorder. A subsidiary objective is to highlight factors that might in some way differentiate panic disorder with agoraphobia from panic disorder without agoraphobia.Both the qualitative analysis, and the results derived from the DDT analysis, revealed that individuals diagnosed with panic disorder/agoraphobia have suffered greatly from the lack of reliable object relationships in childhood. Ego weaknesses identified as part of the character disposition included a difficulty identifying a number of intense affective states especially anger, which when aroused, evokes a number of defensive manoeuvres.Findings relating to the subsidiary investigation revealed that individuals diagnosed with panic disorder without agoraphobia have less impaired ego-strength. However, they appear to share with their agoraphobic counterparts a similar difficulty managing feelings of hostility.
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